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Linking Theorists to the EYLF Outcomes

by Butler Creative 19 March 2017

Linking Theorists to the EYLF Outcomes


EYLF Outcome
Areas of Development
 Link to Theorists (Brief summary of each)

OUTCOME 1

Children have a strong
sense of identity

Social

Emotional

Cognitive


Piaget
– Jean Piaget, a Swiss theorist, believed that children’s thinking passed through four separate stages and changed qualitatively in each of these stages. He emphasised the importance of maturation and the provision of a stimulating environment for children to explore. He believed children were active learners.

Erikson – Erik Erikson built upon Sigmund Freud’s work. He identified eight separate stages across the lifespan. He believed that in each stage we face a crisis that needs to be resolved in order for us to develop socially and emotionally. Each stage has a positive or negative outcome, though we tend not to be at either end of the spectrum. The outcome of the stage is determined by our environment, and the care giving strategies or experiences to which we are exposed. 

OUTCOME 2

Children are connected
with and contribute
to their world

Social

Emotional

Cognitive


Piaget

Rousseau – Rousseau’s philosophy of education is not concerned with particular techniques of imparting information and concepts, but rather with developing the pupil’s character and moral sense, so that he may learn to practice self-mastery and remain virtuous even in the unnatural and imperfect society in which he will have to live.

OUTCOME 3

Children have a strong
sense of wellbeing

Fine Motor

Gross Motor

Cognitive


Froebel
– Froebel’s philosophy of education was based on four major principles: free self expression, creativity, social participation and motor expression. He began to focus on the needs of children just prior to entering school. Froebel envisioned a place where 4 to 6 year old children would be nurtured and protected from outside influences.

OUTCOME 4

Children are confident and involved learners

Cognitive

Fine Motor


Montessori
– Maria Montessori developed the five principals of the Montessori concept. Those principles are:

Independence, Observation, Following the Child, Correcting the Child, Prepared Environment and Absorbent Mind. It is within these concepts we find the reasoning behind why things are such in a Montessori environment. These are goals and beliefs that Maria Montessori held with regards to the education of children.

OUTCOME 5

Children are effective communicators

Language

Literacy

Numeracy


Froebel

Vygotsky – Vygotsky emphasised the importance of relationships and interactions between children and more knowledgeable peers and adults. He believed that children’s cognitive understandings were enriched and deepened when they were ‘scaffolded’ by parents, teachers or peers. He believed that the environment plays an important role in a child’s development, particularly in the social aspects of development. He focused on the notion that children internalise feelings, emotions and ideas and language is a key factor in the development of concepts.

Information adapted from ‘A basic introduction to child development theories’ p4 Centre for Learning Innovation © State of New South Wales, Department of Education and Training, 2006 (Adapted by Lyn Amos 2013)




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